Condoms – protect against most sexual transmitted infections and pregnancy if used correctly.
Progesterone only pill – taken daily and likely will change periods. Some women may not bleed at all, some light bleeding, some irregular bleeding.
Combined oral contraceptive pill – can still be used in lower risk individuals (not used with migraine with aura, smokers, obesity etc). Can use tailored pill taking meaning you can choose when you have a period, and likely results in lighter periods.
IUD – the copper coil, 10 years of use before needing to be changed.
IUS – hormonal coil such as Mirena, Jaydess, Levosert can be used for contraception and to control heavy bleeding. The Mirena is also licensed to be used as part of HRT. Used for 3-5 years depending on type before needing an alternative.
Nexplanon – implant into the upper arm lasting for 3 years before removed and consider new one if needed.
Depo-provera Injection – every 12 weeks
Sterilisation – very quick procedure for men using a local anaesthetic and highly successfully, women require a day in hospital and need a general anaesthetic. Female sterilisation does not affect periods.
Please note that contraception is still needed on HRT.